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woman with a ruptured varicose veins at the doctor in new york

What Happens When a Vein Ruptures?

Vascular trauma describes damage to a blood vessel, which can happen to anyone. This trauma can range from mild to moderate to severe. Usually, vascular trauma is the result of an injury or accident.

A vein rupture is a form of vascular trauma.

Symptoms of a Burst Varicose Vein

If your varicose vein ruptures without the skin breaking near the vein, you may experience symptoms like bruising, fainting, or dizziness. If you experience these symptoms, you should contact a vein care specialist or a local emergency room.

Getting medical care is important to avoid excessive blood loss or other potential complications.

When a varicose vein ruptures due to trauma that breaks the skin, you will see significant bleeding. This type of rupture happens because your veins burst from excessive pressure, which causes rapid, profuse bleeding.

Call 911 immediately and seek medical attention to prevent severe blood loss if this ever happens.

How to Care for a Ruptured Varicose Vein

If you have a ruptured varicose vein, you should elevate your leg to help reduce swelling and blood loss.

Next, try applying pressure around the bleeding site with a clean towel or cotton shirt. Applying pressure can help slow the bleeding or stop it entirely while seeking medical attention.

When you meet with a medical provider, they will likely perform ultrasound-guided sclerotherapy.

What Is Sclerotherapy?

Sclerotherapy is a type of treatment via injection into the varicose vein. The injection has a solution that damages it and forces it to collapse. Your body compensates for this collapse by rerouting circulation to nearby healthy veins.

Sclerotherapy is an effective treatment option for small, superficial varicose veins. Superficial veins are veins that are close to the surface of the skin.

Depending on the type of varicose veins you have and the injury or trauma associated with the burst vein, you may or may not be eligible for sclerotherapy. Ultimately, the treatment will be at the discretion of the vein specialist who treats you.

How to Prevent Your Varicose Veins from Bursting

The best way to prevent your varicose veins from bursting is to get preventative vein treatment before they have a chance to burst.

If you do not treat your varicose veins, you could experience serious health problems like ruptured veins or leg ulcers.

If you are currently unable to seek treatment for any reason, you can try to mitigate risks associated with varicose veins by adopting a vein-healthy lifestyle.

A vein-healthy lifestyle includes getting proper nutrition, adequate hydration, and low-impact exercise that improves your circulation.

If you have varicose veins, your diet should be low in sodium and high in potassium and fiber. Drinking enough water will help keep your body healthy and capable of supplying necessary functions to your vital organs. Low-impact exercise can help strengthen your legs while increasing overall circulation and improving heart health.

Explore Vein Treatment for Varicose Veins

To learn more about caring for varicose veins or to inquire about vein treatment, contact us at Metropolitan Vein and Aesthetic Center.

For Cardiology services you can find us on Zocdoc